Strategically located Jammu and Kashmir State constitutes the northern
most extremity of India situated between 32.17 degree and 36.58 degree
north latitude and 37.26 degree and 80.30 degree east longitude. The
total area of the State is 2, 22,236 sq. kms including 78114 sq kms
under occupation of Pakistan and 42,685 sq kms under that of China, of
which Pakistan handed over 5130 sq kms to China. The State is bounded by
Pakistan, Afghanistan and China from the West to the East.
The State is well connected with rest of the country by air, rail and
road. The Indian Airlines and private airlines operate regular flights
to Srinagar, Jammu and Leh.
The National Highway 1-A connects the capital cities of Srinagar and
Jammu with rest of the country. There are daily passenger trains
connecting Jammu with most of the major cities of the country. A railway
project connecting Kashmir with rail is presently in progress. However
there are some areas which remain cut off from rest of the country
during winter. This includes the districts of Kargil and Leh and some
parts of Baramulla, Kupwara and Doda districts.
The State ranks 6th in
area and 19th in
population among the States and the Union Territories of India. The
State consists of 22 districts.
All India Level of 74.0% as per 2011 census,
the Literacy rate of the state is 68.74%. The male literacy rate is
78.26% and the female literacy rate is 58.01%. There is a large gap in
the male female literacy. The literacy rate of district Ramban is the
lowest with 56.90%, the male literacy rate being 71.97% and female
literacy rate 40.04% only. Jammu district has the highest literacy rate
of 83.98% with 89.77% in males and 77.41% in females. The lowest female
literacy rate is 40.04% in District Ramban. And the highest female
literacy rate of 77.41% in Jammu district. There are 7 districts where
female literacy rate is even below 50%. There is a huge gap in male
female literacy ratios also.